We recently had a great question on social media about whether there was anything donors could do to support Black Lives Matter.
At the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service, we stand against inequality and injustice. The fact is, by giving blood, as a donor you’re doing your bit to stand with us. There are a number of blood disorders which disproportionately affect Black patients in this country, and as an organisation, we work hard to provide them with the blood transfusions they need - we just don’t talk about it much. So we thought it was time to change that.
Sickle cell disorder and thalassemia
Sickle cell and thalassaemia are serious inherited blood disorders that are passed on from parents to children. They affect haemoglobin, the part of the blood that carries oxygen around the body. People who have these conditions need specialist care throughout their lives.
You're more likely to carry the altered haemoglobin genes if your ancestors came from places where malaria has been common, including:
South, East and South East Asia
the Middle East
Sickle cell disorder
Sickle cell disease affects people in different ways. Some people:
experience attacks of severe pain,
have serious, life-threatening infections or strokes at a young age,
are anaemic (which means that their blood has difficulty carrying oxygen).
People with sickle cell disease usually need medicines and vaccinations throughout their lives to keep them well
SNBTS is involved in managing the treatment of haemoglobin disorder patients
Some sickle cell disease patients’ treatments are best managed through regular blood transfusions, which replace the red cells in their body with those of a disease-free donor. Throughout Scotland, our patient services teams carry out these treatments in their Clinical Apheresis Units. The Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow teams also carry out emergency red cell exchanges for acutely unwell sickle cell disease patients.
Our laboratory teams also carry out red cell gene testing to allow us to provide blood for haemoglobin disorders in patients in Scotland. We are also working with our counterparts in the English blood transfusion service (NHSBT) to share information on patients with known haemoglobin disorders that later move to Scotland.
We’re working with haemoglobin disorder clinicians
Throughout the Covid-19 outbreak, we have been in active discussions with other clinical organisations to work how the pandemic has changed the transfusion needs of haemoglobin disorder patients in Scotland. Our shared aim is to reduce hospital visits while maintaining safe and effective transfusion support.